Updated on April 2023

What Are Woks Made of? - 10 Types of Wok Material

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what are woks made of


Traditional woks are typically made of carbon steel or cast iron. The new, improved wok is made of hybrid metals for better heating, like the aluminum core-based stainless steel wok or tri-ply wok. The nonstick woks can be made of any metal, but the top coating is made of either ceramic or any stick-proof material. Aluminum woks are hard anodized to make them nonstick.

In this article we will give you a clear picture about all the materials that woks are made of, their safety features, heating ability, durability and ease of maintenance.

There are several types of wok materials available popularly 10. Any metal that works on high heat can be a potential raw material to manufacture a wok. But that doesn’t mean you can choose any wok and think of making delicious stir fry.

Health safety is also a concern. Buying a safe and healthy wok material is also essential for your family’s wellbeing. Overall you need a material that distributes and retains heat well and doesn’t react with your food, durable and easy to take care of.

Wok Can be made of Single Or Multiple Materials…

wok pan basics

A wok can be made from a single piece of metal like carbon steel or cast iron. Whereas the new upgraded version of woks come with the construction of two metals or more, like the popular tri ply construction where an aluminum ply is sandwiched between two stainless steel ply.

As stainless steel is not good at even heat distribution, aluminum is added at the core to make the stainless steel wok better at heating. Additionally, aluminum is reactive to acidic food, so aluminum woks found in the market are hard anodized to create a protective layer over them and make them nonstick.

Nonstick-coated woks are usually carbon steel, cast iron, copper, stainless steel, or aluminum-made woks with a stick-free coating. Some wok material goes through special treatment to become nonstick like enameled cast iron and hard anodized aluminum woks.

Single Vs Mixed Material Wok

Single material woks always perform better than the hybrid ones mainly because of two reasons. 

One, a wok needs to be lightweight to instantly react with the heat. And the hybrid ones are very bulky in nature because of their several layers of materials.

Their construction is not ideal for a proper wok cooking. Clearly a hybrid wok will perform like any normal pan. But wok cooking is unique and the traditional design of the wok which you get in a single material wok is perfect for making crispy stir fry.

And finally to bring out the restaurant style wok-hei flavour in your stir fry you need to toss and turn your food in the wok which because of the heavy weight of the pan is difficult. That's why a lightweight yet sturdy single material wok is preferable.

Top 3 Materials Woks are Made of.. 

Although woks are now available in multiple types of material, traditional ones are the most useful ones. Woks are previously made with iron but due to the enhanced risk of corrosion, carbon steel is the best pick as an alternative. The top 3 materials in which woks are popular and made of are cast iron, carbon steel, and stainless steel.

Stainless steel is for those who prioritize on looks and feel of the wok. However stainless woks come with aluminum cores as aluminum is better at heat distribution than stainless steel. Unless cast iron and carbon steel are the most suitable, effective, and supreme ones.

Read: Best Wok Material For Stir Fry

Comparing Top 3 Woks based on Material

Cast Iron
  • chemical-free
  • Made with traditional techniques
  • ideal for stir fry as the shape and surface is perfect
  • ideal heat distribution and retention ability
  • heavy-duty handle will never disassemble
  • authentic wok cooking experience
Carbon Steel
  • Hand hammered
  • Authentic material
  • No artificial joints
  • Made from single sheet of carbon steel hence solid body
  • Perfect proportion of round bottom and wide surface
  • Best in the market
  • lightweight but sturdy
  • even heat distribution and retention
  • Stainless Steel
    • Stainless Steel with Aluminium core 
    • Solid stainless-steel riveted long handle with airflow technology 
    • Limited Lifetime Warranty 
    • Stainless Steel Dome Lid 
    • Airflow Technology-enabled long handle 
    • Dishwasher safe 
    • Oven safe up to 500 degrees F 

    Top 10 Types of Wok Materials

    Woks are found in below materials –

    1. Carbon Steel
    2. Cast iron
    3. Enameled Cast Iron
    4. Iron
    5. Stainless steel
    6. Aluminum
    7. The hard-anodized aluminum
    8. Non-stick Coated
    9. Ceramic   
    10. Copper

    The Traditional Wok Material: Carbon Steel & Cast Iron

    The most traditional of all materials to manufacture a wok is cast iron and carbon steel. Previously woks are made of iron which is rust-prone. Then with the advent of cast-iron and carbon steel, woks become more durable. Carbon steel and cast iron both retains and distributes heat very well.

    A lightweight wok made of cast iron or carbon steel will become like hot sun on high heat. It will radiate heat into the ingredients. The result will be evenly cooked, crispy, and smoky stir fry.

    1. Carbon Steel:

    A wok can be manufactured from a single piece of high-quality carbon steel sheet by completely hand-hammering it to bring the shape of a wok. This type of wok is the most traditional of all. It is highly durable because of the absence of any joints. However, the handles are welded in. Chinese Chefs prefer these lightweight pow woks over others. Mammafong offers the most traditional and best hand hammered carbon steel wok.


    The only con with such a carbon steel wok is maintenance. You have to season it from time to time and clean it carefully. Every time you store such a material-made wok, you need to heat it so that the moisture disappears completely and wok does not get rusty. However, if seasoning and hard hand-washing are not your things then carbon steel woks are also available with non-stick coating.

    Nonstick Coated Carbon Steel Wok – Upgraded Wok for New Age

    Nonstick coated carbon steel is the typical modern wok material that has gained popularity these days. Carbon steel is a lightweight material, and it also offers efficient & even heat distribution. For this reason cooks want to have such a wok. But given the difficult maintenance, nonstick coated carbon steel woks are the most preferable ones.

    This 12.5 inches nonstick coated flat bottom carbon steel wok from Cookeriess is the best wok material for those cooks who want to have a traditional touch with modern features in their wok. The best part about this wok is – it fits on induction, electric, and gas range.

    It is compatible with high temperature. You can also use this wok material on an open wire or grill. Non stick coated carbon steel woks require a little care and maintenance for maintaining the nonstick layer of coating.

    2. Cast Iron:

    You will find cast iron wok in every traditional Asian kitchen. Cast iron is great at heating up quickly and distributing the heat evenly. This results in great stir fry. This is the primary reason why Chefs love cast iron as a wok material.

    The market offers numerous pre-seasoned cast iron woks. Among these, the 14 inch Lodge Cast iron wok is the most popular one. This Cantonese-style wok is highly durable and extremely cheap as compared to wok materials.


    These are not resistant to rust and need to be seasoned often. Maintenance is very high. However, enameled cast iron does not need seasoning and reasonable maintenance but offers the same quality cooking as cast iron.

    3. Enameled Cast Iron Made Woks Need Reasonable Maintenance

    When an enamel glaze(vitreous) is applied to the surface of the cast iron, it is known as enameled cast iron. The glaze prevents rusting of the cast iron. Also, you don’t need to season it. Cleaning an enamel cast iron is a breeze. It is a far better option than cast iron. Some cast iron woks also carry unhealthy substances, whereas enameled cast iron is a safer wok material.

    The above enameled cast-iron wok is from Le Creuset, a very popular and high end model. This 5-quart wok demands little maintenance and does not need seasoning. The tight glass lid makes this wok a versatile cooking tool.


    Enameled cast iron is a very costly wok material due to its high durability.

    4. Aluminum: Best Wok Material With Faster Heat Distribution

    Aluminum woks are very common kitchen tools in Asian Households. As our kitchen has low BTU gas ranges, aluminum is the perfect wok material to make apt stir fry. This metal has a better and faster heat distribution ability than cast iron or carbon steel wok, so on low heat, your ingredients get cooked evenly. Aluminum is cheap too and needs less maintenance. The aluminum wok is corrosion resistant and thus highly durable.


    However, the heat retention ability of an aluminum wok is not good hence, if you put the wok out of the fire, it will get cold sooner. But the main issue is the safety of the material. You cannot cook acidic food in an aluminum wok as it reacts with the metal. And stir fry includes acidic sauce, so you can’t help it and must avoid this metal. 

    5. Safest Wok Material: The hard-anodized aluminum:

    small hard anodized aluminum wok

    By immersing the aluminum metal in the chemical bath and applying electrical current hard-anodized aluminum is produced. It is nothing but a layer of oxide that hardens the aluminum and makes it rust-proof. It is like an aluminum 2.0 version.

    Hard anodized aluminum is the safest wok material to buy because –

    • It is one of the sturdiest and nonreactive metals on high heat. The hard anodized woks don’t react with acidic food and hence make your food healthy. 
    • It is an excellent conductor of heat, preventing hot spots and providing even heat distribution. 
    • It mainly comes with a natural nonstick coating enhancing the user experience. 
    • The premium quality hard anodized woks are also oven and dishwasher-safe.

    This 12-inch hard-anodized aluminum wok from the EPPMO store is the most cost-effective investment for beginners. As it comes with a wide surface, a glass lid, stainless steel handles, and oven-safe body you get a sturdy construction that is built to last. 


    The hard-anodized aluminum wok gives a nonstick cooking experience. However, it is not a 100% nonstick surface, which lets some foods stick and makes the cleaning process challenging still, the body does not require seasoning for every use. 

    6. The Most Modern Wok Material: Stainless steel:

    best wok to buy in high end

    Stainless steel is the most modern wok material of all. Heavy-duty stainless steel woks that are made of 3-ply or 5-ply constructions are found in many commercial kitchens and modern households. Stainless steel is more durable as they are rust-resistant & scratch-resistant. Stainless steel is also considered to be one of the safest wok materials.

    Stainless steel wok is durable, classy, and versatile and supports numerous cooking styles, including stir-fry, deep-fry, steam, boiling, etc. All this is possible due to its effective response to changes in heat and temp. The stainless steel woks are also oven and dishwasher-safe, making them the best wok material for the modern kitchen. 

    Cooks standard offers the best stainless steel wok for beginners on the market. This wok comes with an aluminum base sandwiched between two stainless steel sheets. Heat retention, distribution, and conduction are an essential part of stir-frying, and aluminum is a very efficient material and better than stainless steel too. That’s why the manufacturer offers such a base to make the wok apt for stir-frying.


    Stainless steel woks are pricey and don’t give you the authentic wok cooking experience like cast iron or carbon steel.

    7. High Maintenance Healthy Wok Material: Iron

    Iron woks are also one of the primitive types of woks found very commonly in the Asian counties market. These are popularly used in countries like India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, China, Korea, and many other countries. 

    The best part about iron woks is they provide lots of health benefits. An essential health benefit that an iron wok could provide is it helps increase the iron content in the body to almost 20 times. Iron woks mainly come pre-seasoned.


    Iron woks are outdated and rust-prone. These are not great investments.

    8. Non-stick coated Woks:

    small nonstick wok

    You will find a nonstick pan or cookware in every kitchen today. Nonstick woks are made up of materials like carbon steel, cast iron, stainless steel, ceramic, aluminum, etc., with nonstick coating. Teflon is a popular nonstick substance used for coating.

    The woks with nonstick coating enhance the cooking experience by offering easy mixing & tossing of food. It is more popularly used for eliminating the use of excess oil and fat. You can cook food in lesser oil using nonstick cookware. 


    Teflon releases toxic fume on high heat. Nonstick pans are scratch-prone. Even a single scratch can ruin your wok pan and make it unhealthy. If you want to buy a healthy nonstick wok, read our list of the top 5 safe nonstick coated wok pans.

    9. Ceramic woks:   

    greenpan venice pro best ceramic wok for induction

    The ceramic wok is staple cookware in today’s modern kitchens. When you search online for ceramic wok or cookware, you will find a range of striking colors and designs. 

    Ceramic woks are excellent for daily use as they are resistant to scratch or peel, or coating. The ceramic woks are very easy to clean and are compatible with the dishwasher and oven as well. These works on all different types of stovetops except induction. 


    These woks don’t have any traditional touch to them. Ceramic woks are also fragile.

    10. Copper Woks

    Copper woks are the most high-end woks of all. They are truly eye-pleasing, very good at heat distribution, and available in flat and round bottom bases. Those woks that are only manufactured from natural copper are the safest to choose. Copper woks come with nonstick coating, but tinned coatings are healthy and nonreactive.


    This type of wok material is expensive and needs to wash by hands only. Wooden and plastic spatulas are only suitable to keep the copperware scratch-proof.

    Best Carbon Steel Wok Recommended by Wokware

    Mammafong 14 inch Traditional Hand Hammered Round Bottom Carbon Steel Pow Wok Set

    Author: Preeunka

    Editor at Wokware

    She is an expert in the niche of kitchenware for 10 years now. She has given readers fact based, well researched, to the point answers of their valuable questions. Her goal is to simplify kitchen products and their utilities.